Harness Digital Solutions for CSRD Compliance

Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) reporting is undergoing significant transformations globally, with pivotal developments emerging from the European Union, the United States, and the International Sustainability Standards Board. These changes are reshaping how companies worldwide disclose sustainability practices and non-financial business impacts. This shift accelerated in January 2023 with the introduction of the EU’s Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) – a comprehensive framework aimed at enhancing transparency in sustainability practices.

The CSRD builds upon the earlier Non-Financial Reporting Directive (NFRD) by broadening the scope and deepening the level of detail required in sustainability reports. This directive seeks to redefine corporate sustainability practices, mandating more comprehensive ESG disclosures that now include intricate details of value and supply chains. The CSRD impacts over 50,000 companies operating throughout the EU, including approximately 3,000 U.S. and global firms with EU subsidiaries.

With such profound implications, it is crucial for businesses to understand and prepare for these new reporting requirements to seamlessly integrate them into their operations and avoid potential compliance scrambles. Here’s an overview of what the CSRD entails and its implications for companies globally and to meet these evolving standards effectively.

Understanding the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD)


At the heart of the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) is a bold ambition to enhance corporate transparency in sustainability matters and to align and standardize reporting practices across existing international frameworks. Building upon the NFRD, it marks a pivotal step towards a fully sustainable and inclusive financial ecosystem in Europe. The CSRD is the most ambitious sustainability disclosure regulation in Europe to date, introducing a rigorous framework based on the principles of double materiality, requiring companies to disclose extensive information on all relevant sustainability topics, guided by the newly established European Sustainability Reporting Standards (ESRS).

What is the CSRD?

The CSRD is part of the European Commission’s ambitious Sustainable Finance Package, aimed at integrating environmental, social, and governance (ESG) considerations into the fabric of financial and business operations across the EU. The directive’s primary goal is to increase transparency in how companies impact the environment and society, thereby enhancing the quality and scope of information available to investors and other stakeholders.

Who is Affected by the CSRD?

While the NFRD covers companies and banks exceeding 500 employees, the CSRD casts a wider net. Those affected by the CSRD include:

Large public and private companies operating in EU-regulated markets – even those based outside the EU
All large EU-listed & unlisted companies and non-EU large companies listed on EU-regulated markets that meet two or more of the following criteria:

  • Greater than 250 employees
  • Net assets exceeding €20 millions
  • A net turnover of more than €40 million

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs)
All EU and non-EU SMEs listed on the European regulated market that meet two or more of the following criteria:

  • 50 employees or more
  • €4 million or more in total assets
  • €8 million or more in net turnover

Other large non-European groups
Other large non-European groups with significant activity in the EU with:

  • Turnover of more than €150 million
  • A large branch or eu-based subsidiary

Under the CSRD, companies are required to disclose a wide array of sustainability-related information, structured around the European Sustainability Reporting Standards (ESRS). There are a total of 12 ESRS which fall under four categories:

  • Environmental Factors: Companies must report on their impact on climate change, pollution, water use, biodiversity, and circular economy efforts
  • Social Considerations: Reporting on workforce conditions, respect for human rights, and issues related to consumer protection
  • Governance Practices: Details on the company’s governance structures, risk management systems, and corruption and bribery safeguards
  • Cross-cutting: Address general principles and general disclosures

Double Materiality

A pivotal aspect of the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) is the principle of “double materiality.” This concept mandates that companies must evaluate and disclose not only the financial materiality of sustainability issues — how these issues affect their financial performance — but also their impact materiality — how their operations influence the environment and society. This dual focus is designed to provide stakeholders with a comprehensive understanding of a company’s sustainability efforts and overall impact.

Typically, organizations undertake a double materiality assessment as an initial step in their compliance with the CSRD, ensuring that both the financial implications and the broader environmental and social impacts of their activities are transparently reported.

Mandatory Third-Party Assurance

The CSRD mandates that all sustainability reporting undergo third-party assurance to verify the accuracy and completeness of the information provided. This requirement elevates the credibility of sustainability reports and ensures they meet the stringent standards set forth by the directive. Initially, the CSRD stipulates that auditors provide limited assurance, which primarily relies on the fidelity of the organization’s own declarations. However, the directive is set to evolve, with plans to mandate a more robust level of assurance — reasonable assurance — within the next three years. This upcoming requirement will depend more heavily on an auditor’s comprehensive evaluation of the organization’s operations, processes, and controls.

When Will Companies Need to Start Reporting to the CSRD?

While the CSRD will be phased in from 2024 thru 2029, that doesn’t mean companies can sleep on starting the process now.

  • Starting in financial year 2024 (reporting in 2025): Compliance is required for entities already obligated under the NFRD. This includes all entities listed on an EU-regulated market with 500 or more employees.
  • Starting in financial year 2025 (reporting in 2026): Compliance extends to large companies not previously covered by the NFRD.
  • Starting in financial year 2026 (reporting in 2027): Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) listed on an EU-regulated market are required to comply.
  • Starting in the financial year 2028 (reporting in 2029): CSRD will apply to certain non-EU entities that meet specific criteria.

Proactive engagement early on in the preparation process is crucial to ensure timely compliance and smooth adaptation of these new reporting requirements.

What does the CSRD mean for U.S. companies?

Europe and the world at large are doubling down on ESG matters. This shift signifies a substantial move towards rigorous sustainability reporting standards that have global implications, particularly for U.S. companies with business operations or subsidiaries in Europe. Here’s what this means for U.S. companies:

  • Increased Reporting Obligations: U.S. companies that meet the criteria outlined by the CSRD will need to adhere to a more comprehensive set of reporting standards. These standards are not only more detailed than current U.S. requirements and require U.S. companies to adopt more robust data collection and reporting systems.
  • Strategic Realignments: To comply with the CSRD, U.S. firms may need to reassess their corporate sustainability strategies to align with these rigorous European standards. This could entail boosting sustainability practices, re-evaluating supply chains, or implementing new governance structures to oversee ESG efforts.
  • Legal and Financial Implications: U.S. companies need to be mindful of the legal and financial implications of the CSRD. Non-compliance can lead to penalties or damage to reputation.
  • Technological and Operational Adjustments: Compliance with the CSRD may require U.S. companies to invest in new technologies and systems that can accurately track and report on sustainability metrics. These investments are necessary to meet the CSRD’s stringent transparency requirements and could involve significant updates to existing IT infrastructures and reporting tools.
  • Market Opportunities: The CSRD can present new opportunities for U.S. companies that are early adopters of its standards. By aligning with rigorous European standards, companies can enhance their attractiveness to investors who are increasingly sensitive to sustainability issues and provide a competitive edge in markets where consumers value corporate responsibility highly.
  • Need for Expertise: Navigating the complexities of the CSRD will require U.S. companies to possibly seek guidance from experts in EU law and sustainability reporting standards. Developing internal expertise or partnering with firms that specialize in European regulatory compliance will be crucial.

How SustainaBase Can Help


Given the complexity and scope of the CSRD, compliance can be daunting for many organizations. SustainaBase is uniquely positioned to assist companies in navigating these challenges, leveraging our cutting-edge digital solutions to simplify and enhance the sustainability reporting process. Here’s how we can support your company:

Data Mastery with SustainaBase

SustainaBase goes beyond mere compliance by offering a robust platform providing required metrics and operational insights. Our system is designed to ensure that all sustainability data is collected, managed, and reported with audit-ready precision.

Digital Collection & Reporting Tools

Our platform facilitates data aggregation and creation, minimizing the risk of errors to streamline reports that comply with the CSRD and ESEF. This technical capability not only simplifies compliance but also enhances the credibility and comparability of sustainability reports.

Strategic Carbon Data Insights

By integrating CSRD compliance into your broader business strategy, SustainaBase helps you utilize sustainability data to drive decision-making and operational improvements. For instance, understanding the intricacies of scope 3 emissions and other indirect impacts can help companies optimize their operations, reduce costs, and improve their overall sustainability performance.

Expert Guidance and Compliance Support

As the CSRD becomes law, it’s imperative for companies to stay ahead of the regulatory curve. From initial assessments to ongoing compliance monitoring, our team of experts stays updated with these developments and provides the support needed to ensure you stay ahead of regulatory changes. This proactive approach not only secures compliance but also positions our clients as leaders in corporate sustainability.

Master CSRD Compliance with SustainaBase


As the CSRD reshapes the sustainability landscape, SustainaBase stands as your committed ally, transforming compliance into a strategic asset. Our digital solutions integrate seamlessly with your internal teams and consultants, delivering the crucial carbon data you need at your fingertips to meet CSRD requirements. We partner closely with your organization, supporting and enhancing your reporting capabilities, all while empowering you to drive meaningful change in your organization’s sustainability practices.

For companies aiming to integrate comprehensive digital solutions into their sustainability strategies, SustainaBase is not just a service provider but a strategic partner. Let us help you turn the challenge of CSRD compliance into an opportunity for growth and leadership in sustainability.

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